Allende Gossens, Salvador

Allende Gossens, Salvador
   Marxist president of Chile from 1970 to1973 and founder of the Chilean Socialist Party, he died in the course of a United States Central Intelligence Agency-backed coup against his government. He was born in Santiago and before his full time involvement in politics he trained (at the University of Chile) and worked as a doctor. In 1937 he was elected to the Chilean congress, served as minister of health from 1939 to 1942, and from 1945 until 1970 served in the Chilean senate. He was the presidential candidate for a leftist coalition in the 1952, 1958 and 1964 elections before his successful bid in 1970. His government put into effect various socialist measures, such as nationalization of major industries and land reform, but it could not be described as Marxist, despite Allende’s own Marxist sympathies.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Allende Gossens, Salvador — (1908–1973)    President of Chile (1970–1973). Allende Gossens was a physician, a socialist leader, and the first government official to attempt Marxist reforms in a democracy. He was born into an upper middle class family in Valparaíso on 26… …   Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars”

  • Allende (Gossens), Salvador — born July 26, 1908, Valparaiso, Chile died Sept. 11, 1973, Santiago Socialist president of Chile (1970–73). Of upper middle class background, Allende took a degree in medicine and in 1933 helped found Chile s Socialist Party. He ran for president …   Universalium

  • Allende Gossens,Salvador — Al·len·de Gos·sens (ä yĕnʹdĕ gōʹsĕns), Salvador. 1908 1973. Chilean politician who as president (1970 1973) was considered the first democratically elected Marxist head of government. He was killed in a coup d état. * * * …   Universalium

  • Allende (Gossens), Salvador — (26 jul. 1908, Valparaíso, Chile–11 sep. 1973, Santiago). Presidente socialista de Chile (1970–73). Nacido en la clase media alta, se tituló de médico y, en 1933, participó en la fundación del Partido Socialista de Chile. Fue candidato a la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Salvador Allende Gossens — Salvador Allende Pour les articles homonymes, voir Allende. Salvador Allende …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Salvador Allende Gossens — [salbaˈdoɾ aˈʎende ˈgosens] (* 26. Juni 1908 in Valparaíso; † 11. September 1973 in Santiago de Chile) war promovierter Arzt und von 1970 bis 1973 Präsident Chiles. Allendes Präsidentschaft war der Versuch, auf demokratischem Wege eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allende Gossens — (izg. aljénde gòsens), Salvador (1908 1973) DEFINICIJA čileanski lijevo orijentirani političar i predsjednik (od 1970), ubijen u vojnom puču što ga je predvodio A. Pinochet …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Allende Gossens — Allende Gọssens   [a jende ], Salvador, chilenischer Politiker, * Valparaíso 26. 7. 1908, ✝ Santiago de Chile 11. 9. 1973, Onkel von Isabel Allende; Arzt; seit 1943 Generalsekretär des Partido Socialista (PS, deutsch: Sozialistische Partei),… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Allende Gossens — biographical name Salvador 1908 1973 Chilean Marxist; president of Chile (1970 73) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Allende Gossens — /ah yen de gaw sens/ Salvador, 1908 73, Chilean political leader: president 1970 73. * * * …   Universalium